One of the records for the deepest dive of a marine mammal is held by the elephant seal. Southern elephant seal foraging success in relation to temperature and light conditions: insight into prey distribution Christophe Guinet1,*, ... moult migrations, with adult females from the Ker-guelen Islands foraging mainly in oceanic waters of the Antarctic and Polar Frontal Zones (Bailleul et al. Southern Elephant seal migration and Antarctic sea ice Bornemann, Horst, Plötz, Joachim, Ramdohr, S., Kreyscher, M., Carlini, A. and Sellmann, L.; https://oceanwide-expeditions.com/to-do/wildlife/elephant-seal (2013) Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Adult males are 14 to 16 feet (4 to 5 m) in length and 4,000 to 5,000 pounds (1,400 to 2,300 kg) in weight. Southern elephant seals can also be dangerous for scientists: If a southern elephant seal wakes up and sees an unfamiliar object, such as a scientist, walking towards them, they’ll open up their large mouths and display their many sharp teeth. The northern elephant seal is the largest of the “true” seal in the Northern Hemisphere. Can lower heart rates to a single beat per minute. Migrations and foraging of juvenile southern elephant seals from Macquarie Island within CCAMLR managed areas - Volume 14 Issue 2 - John van den Hoff, Harry R. Burton, Mark A. Hindell, Michael D. Sumner, Clive R. McMahon Unlike most other ocean-going mammals (like … We show that southern elephant seal ( Mirounga leonina ) colonies existed proximate to the Ross Ice Shelf during the Holocene, well south of their core sub-Antarctic breeding and molting grounds. Little is known of the foraging ranges for the southern elephant seal. That means they are diving regularly down to depths where there is absolutely no light (hence the enormous eyes). This elephant seal, however, seemed intent on going where no southern elephant seal had gone before (at least to our knowledge). The male elephant seal "was an errant migrant … Encyclopedia Britannica, 4 May 2011. As part of the phocid, or true seal, family, elephant seals have ear holes and short front flippers that allow them to move on land by flopping on their bellies, also known as “galumphing.” Elephant seals also have a broad, round face with very large eyes. Males and females travel to different hunting grounds and dine on different prey, perhaps to meet differing dietary needs. Brought to the brink of extinction by nineteenth-century hunters, the northern species has achieved a recovery that is unmatched by any other marine vertebrate. Southern elephant seals breed on land but spend their winters in bitterly-cold Antarctic waters. Valenzuela-Toro AM, Zicos MH, Pyenson ND / PeerJ. Northern elephant seals travel into the North Pacific twice a year, in a pattern called a double migration. Stewart, B.S. Top of Page Winter Shuttle Bus System. 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